Performance of jersey and holstein heifers in marandu palisadegrass pastures during the implantation of silvopastoral system with african mahogany

  • Fábio Pinese Instituto de Zootecnia
  • Claudeci Quirino de Souza Faculdade de Jaguariúna
  • Thiago Herling da Cruz Madeira Instituto de Zootecnia
  • Flávia Maria de Andrade Gimenes Instituto de Zootecnia
  • Enilson Geraldo Ribeiro Instituto de Zootecnia
  • Karina Batista Instituto de Zootecnia
  • Alessandra Aparecida Giacomini Instituto de Zootecnia

Resumo

In Brazil, each year there is a significant increase in the volume of milk produced. The correct pasture management influences the weight gain of dairy heifers, which consequently enables a better sexual maturity, resulting in a better yield in milk production. Allied to this, the silvopastoral system can help in the recovery of degraded pastures. This research aimed to evaluate the weight daily gain of Holstein and Jersey heifers in Marandu Palisadegrass pastures with intermittent defoliation during the implantation of silvipastoral system with African Mahogany. The experiment was conducted at Instituto de Zootecnia in Nova Odessa, São Paulo, Brazil. African Mahogany seedlings were planted from December/2015 to February/2016. Treatments consisted in two heifer dairy breeds (Holstein and Jersey), in integrated Marandu Palisadegrass sward swith African Mahogany with three rows (5 x 5 x 5 m between trees) or one row (5m between trees) trees, spaced 15 m apart (4,500 m2 Marandu Palisadegrass paddocks), in a complete randomized block design with three replications, in a 2x2 factorial design. 48 Holstein and Jersey heifers with initial body weight of 180 and 135 kg respectively were evaluated in rotational stocking grazing management (25 cm pre-grazing height and 15 cm post-grazing height) from May to July/2016. The animals were weighed every 28 days. Two heifers from each breed were selected as tester heifers, and remained grazing in the treatment all the period long, and their weight gain was used for the calculation of the weight daily gain (kg.day-1). Data were subjected to analysis of variance using PROC MIXED of SAS® (Statistical Analysis System, version 9.3) statistical package. The means of the treatments were estimated using the "LSMEANS" and the comparison between them performed by Student t test (P <0.05). There was difference between breeds (P= 0.0345) in the weight daily gain. Holstein heifers had a higher gain (0.3097 Kg.day-1) compared with Jersey heifers (0.2355 Kg.day-1), being 31.5% higher. Possibly for the higher dry matter intake, better feed conversion and difference between genotypes. Primavesi (2004) found lower values using Holstein heifers in Brachiaria decumbens pastures in summer (0.198 kg.day-1) and in autumn (0.157 kg.day-1). Moreno (2008) analyzing Jersey breed in Ryegrass pasture in a continuous grazing system found weight daily gain of 0.580 kg. The number of African Mahogany rows didn’t influence the average weight daily, probably because they were with 36 cm average height, without interference in pasture growth neither in the thermal comfort.

Publicado
11-09-2019
Como Citar
Pinese, F., Souza, C., Madeira, T., Gimenes, F., Ribeiro, E., Batista, K., & Giacomini, A. (2019). Performance of jersey and holstein heifers in marandu palisadegrass pastures during the implantation of silvopastoral system with african mahogany. Boletim De Indústria Animal, 74. Recuperado de http://iz.agricultura.sp.gov.br/bia/index.php/bia/article/view/1663